When we talk about Denmark, we normally refer to Jutland, Zealand, Funen and the islands scattered around the Danish waters. Yet the Faroe Islands in the North Atlantic and Greenland, which is part of the North American continent, also belong to the Kingdom of Denmark but have autonomous self-rule.
Culturally and linguistically speaking, the northern and the southern parts of the kingdom are very different.
The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been parts of the Danish Realm since the 18th century. Due to their special status nationally, historically and geographically, these parts of the realm have an extensive type of self-government and have assumed legislative and administrative responsibility in a substantial number of fields.
The Faroe Islands’ Home Rule was established in 1948 and Greenland’s Home Rule was established in 1979. In 2005, a new self-government arrangement came into force in the Faroe Islands, and in 2009 a self-government arrangement for Greenland replaced the Greenland Home Rule Arrangement.
The Faroes comprise of 18 islands, separated by narrow sounds and fiords, located in the northern Atlantic, almost midway between Norway, Iceland and Scotland. The capital is called Tórshavn and the total land mass is 1,399 square kilometres.
Read more about the Faroes (temporarily unavailable)
Greenland is part of the North American continent. It is the world’s largest island, with a total area of around 2.2 million square kilometres, yet only approx. 410,000 square kilometres are not covered by ice. The northernmost point of the Island, Cape Morris Jesup, is just 740 kilometres from the North Pole.
Read more about Greenland (temporarily unavailable)