Bjørn Nørgaard, born 1947, is one of the most prominent Danish visual artists, with an extensive oeuvre, ranging from actions and happenings through film to sculpture and textile art.
Like Per Kirkeby he started his artistic career at the School of Experimental Art, where from 1964, inspired by among others Joseph Beuys, he was involved in collaborative works and happenings such as Den kvindelige Kristus (1969, The Female Christ) and Hesteofringen (1970, The Horse Sacrifice), which provoked intense debate in large sections of Danish society.
Nørgaard continued his experiments with graphic art, ceramics, film production and other activities, but since the 1970s his main interest has been sculpture.
His fertile imagination, partly drawing on the art of former times and other cultures, and his delight in unusual combinations of widely different materials - concrete, marble, glazed ceramics, glass, etc. - have found expression in a series of monumental sculptures such as Menneskemuren (1982, The Human Wall) and the 26 metre high Tors tårn (1986, Thor's Tower). These large works are created in partnership with workmen and specialists and installed in public places in several cities in Denmark; others are located in Danish and Nordic art museums.
One of Nørgaard's biggest commissions has been 11 large tapestries (1990-2000) with motifs from Danish history for hanging in the banqueting hall at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen; they were woven at Les Gobelins in Paris. Nørgaard was a professor at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts 1985-93.
Peter Kühn-Nielsen, Gyldendal Leksikon