Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann, 1805-1900, came from a family of musicians and received his musical training at home and by listening to the music played in the Royal Theatre.
In his everyday life he worked as a lawyer and organist and at the same time composed extensively within almost every kind of music. He was particularly noted for a Danish-Nordic style, including Guldhornene (1832, The Golden Horns) and Vølvens Spaadom (1872, The Sibyl's Prophecy).
He composed a great deal of stage music, in which the opera Liden Kirsten (1846, Little Kirsten) occupies a central position, along with the Nordic ballets Valkyrien (1861, The Valkyrie) and Thrymskviden (1868, The Lay of Thrym). Hartmann's chamber music, especially his piano music, is remarkable, and in his day he was highly respected for his cantatas and songs.
As an administrator in the Music Association and a teacher in the Academy of Music in Copenhagen he exercised a decisive influence on Danish musical life in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Anne Ørbæk Jensen, Gyldendal Leksikon